ABI (ankle-brachial index) è il rapporto tra il valore di pressione sistolica misurato alla caviglia e il valore di pressione sistolica. permette di valutare l'eventuale presenza di arteriopatia periferica e la sua gravità.
Circumscribed pus deposit in the tissue resulting from an acute or chronic local infection. It is associated with tissue destruction and often with swelling.
- ACTIVATED CARBON DRESSINGS
Dressing consisting of TNT including activated carbon and/or silver or with two, non-adherent layers of nylon.
- ACUTE PAIN
Acute pain is usually nociceptive and its function is that of alerting the subject about an ongoing tissue lesion; it is typically localized, it persists for few days and it tends to decrease with the healing process. Its cause is usually known; pain due to a surgical procedure, trauma, concomit...
- ACUTE POSTOPERATIVE PAIN
Acute postoperative pain is pain experienced by a patient undergoing a surgical procedure and it can be caused by the underlying condition, the surgical procedure (including drainage, tubes and complications) and by the forced position kept during the surgical procedure.
- ADVANCED DRESSING
- ALLERGIC CONTACT DERMATITIS (ACD)
Cutaneous inflammatory process caused by a cell-mediated delayed hypersensitivity mechanism; it usually appears in the area where contact with the irritant occurred.
Picture 1 – Local reaction
It is a drug that relieves pain; it has several different classes, depending on the chemical mechanisms it induces.
- ANTI-INFLAMMATORY DRUGS
Drugs with an activity against phlogosis, pyrexia and pain; they can be steroidal or non-steroidal (NSAIDs).
Drug that can inhibit microorganisms growth or kill microorganisms.
It is a drug with a varied chemical nature capable of contrasting the activity of histamine, one of the main drivers of allergic manifestations.
- ANTIPLATELET DRUGS
Group of drugs acting by inhibiting platelet aggregation and therefore blocking thrombus formation.
The prototypes of this class of drugs are aspirin and ticlopidine which, in order to achieve this goal, act through several different mechanisms and, respectively, affect the metabolism of prostag...
Process of separation of a specific hematic component from the donor’s blood.
- ASEPTIC NECROSIS OR OSTEONECROSIS
It is caused by a diminished blood supply that can result in the “death” of the affected bone.
With regards to skin grafts, the term indicates the usage of tissues from the same donor.
- AUTOLOGOUS SKIN GRAFTING
Skin grafting where the same patient is both donor and recipient.